Categories
Drink

How much drinks per week is too much?

cocktail drinks on bar

How many drinks do you have in a week? While alcohol affects everyone differently, research has shown that there’s a specific number of drinks the average person can consume in a week before it becomes excessive. 

It’s not an easy science, though. Most studies show that 7 is the limit for the average woman while the number rises to 15 for the average man. Making matters even more confusing, guidelines for alcohol consumption vary widely. So, how much is too much? 

Alcohol Percentages

Many people think that a drink is a drink, but each type of alcohol has its own percentage of alcohol content within. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines one standard drink as equivalent to:

  • 12 fl. Oz. of 5% beer
  • 9 fl. Oz. of 7% malt liquor
  • 5 fl. Oz. of 12% table wine
  • 1.5 fl. Oz of 80 proof spirits (40% alcohol content)

As you can see, no two drinks are exactly the same. Each contributes to your blood-alcohol level in a different way, which is why excessive drinkers often find themselves in desperate need of a felony DUI attorney. This is especially true for liquor lovers. 

Men vs. Women

The recommended guidelines for men and women are different because their bodies metabolize alcohol in a drastically different way. Women typically have less body mass, less body water content, and higher liver to body mass ratio.  

Women will reach peak blood alcohol levels much faster and are often more vulnerable to organ damage from alcohol than men. That’s why their recommended weekly limit is much lower. In contrast, men are more likely to become alcohol dependent than suffer damage quickly. 

Other Factors

Other factors that affect how a person’s body processes alcohol may include body weight, medications, and whether or not a person is drinking on an empty stomach.  A higher body weight may result in a lower blood alcohol concentration. This happens when their body mass to alcohol ratio is higher. 

Medications may have adverse interactions when combined with alcohol, with some effects being unpredictable or even fatal. Then there’s food. Eating a meal before drinking alcohol may help slow down the body’s ability to process alcohol, which works to your benefit.

On an empty stomach, alcohol is absorbed faster and may also cause digestive problems. You’re also going to get drunker faster on an empty stomach. Before you know it, one random shot could cause you to start building your DUI defense in Santa Ana

The Effects of Over-Drinking

Whether you’re drinking too much on occasion or every week, there can be severe effects on the body from over-drinking. Over-drinking is known to cause damage to the liver and the pancreas.  Excess alcohol cannot be metabolized by the liver and may result in steatosis, liver inflammation, liver scarring, and fibrosis.  

The pancreas might react by producing toxic substances that lead to inflammation of the blood vessels that prevent proper digestion, a condition known as pancreatitis. Excessive drinking can also cause changes in coordination, the ability to think clearly, damage to the brain, and fluctuations in mood and behavior.  

Excessive drinking becomes an addiction when a person loses the ability to limit drinking, negatively impacting their life. They may see their performance at work slip, their relationships crumble, and their ability to think and act clearly dissolve. 

A person may find they have to drink more and more to get the same desired effects as tolerance rises. They may find it difficult or impossible to think about anything else, or may find themselves unable to function without a drink. If you or someone you know has developed a problem with drinking excessively, consult a physician or addiction specialist for help. 

Categories
Events & Festivals

Top 5 common injuries at music festivals

Concerts are an amazing experience, but there’s nothing quite like a musical festival. These events can go on for days, featuring spectacular light shows and a plethora of bands entertaining the masses. While they are absolutely a fun time, there are mishaps. 

With the enormous number of people that attend a festival, not to mention alcohol consumption, the likelihood for an accident is higher than your average day. These are the top five most common injuries and how you can help avoid them. 

1. Heat Injuries

Festivals typically take place in an outdoor setting, leaving concertgoers exposed to the sun for hours on end. While sunscreen can help you avoid a sunburn, high levels of heat can also lead to dehydration and other injuries. Nausea, exhaustion, and seizures are just a few. 

Staying hydrated is the key to avoiding these types of injuries. While it’s tempting to knock back drinks all day, especially if you’re staying nearby or camping on the grounds, remember to pound down a few bottles of water as well. 

2. Broken Bones

Parties of any nature are fueled by high energy and a reckless attitude. The larger the party, the more you can expect of each. Crowd diving, crowd surfing, sitting on a friend’s shoulders, or bumping shoulders in the mosh pit can all lead to injury. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t have fun, but stay aware of your surroundings and don’t partake in these activities if you’ve had too much to drink. 

3. Drinking and Driving

Some festivals feature campgrounds for their attendees while others require people to drive to a hotel or motel after the fun is over. With a mix of alcohol and sometimes drugs, many find themselves over the limit when the lights go down. 

Getting behind the wheel while too intoxicated can lead to property damage or worse. There are countless cases of injuries caused by drunk drivers hitting people, even at slower speeds. If the trip to the hotel includes a highway, the risks are even higher for an accident. Long story short, don’t drink and drive. 

4. Stab Wounds

This is one of the more unfortunate injuries on this list. Festivals bring together a highly diverse group of people, which creates a unified audience and culture at various shows. While that’s a great thing, it also means that everyone in the crowd might not have the same intentions of just enjoying the show. 

Even with security checks, people have been known to bring knives and other weapons into festivals. Some come with the intent to cause harm, while others have one too many and make violent decisions. It’s vital that you be aware of your surroundings and avoid altercations at all costs. 

5. Substance Overdose

Drinking is all a part of the fun for most concertgoers, but festivals tend to include drugs as well. Most of these are illegal or non-prescription, and some of them can be downright deadly. Those who attend festivals often combine drinking with drug use to enhance their experience.

Nine times out of ten, their expectations are met and they thoroughly enjoy the concert without bothering a soul. However, the wrong combination of alcohol and drugs or too much of either can lead to an overdose. Watching your consumption of any substance is vital, but make sure to call 911 immediately if you see someone experiencing an overdose. 

Categories
Travel

Highway driving safety tips

expressway top view

You might be one of the safest driver’s on the road, but that isn’t always enough to avoid an accident. There are roughly six million car crashes each in year in the United States, with highways being a hotbed for wrecks. Check out these highway driving safety tips that could save your life. 

Leave Your Phone Alone

Everyone has heard about the dangers of texting and driving, but even answering calls or checking social media is equally as dangerous. At 55 miles-per-hour, you travel the length of a football field in five seconds. With your eyes off the road, you might as well be doing it blind.  

The Left Lane is for Passing

There’s a lot of debate over what the left lane is for, but it is meant to be used to pass other vehicles on the highway. This allows everyone to drive safely at higher speeds by making passing another vehicle a simple task with ample space to do so. Plenty of accidents happen when people try to pass but don’t have the room to maneuver safely. 

Speed Up on the Ramp

Some acceleration ramps are longer than others, but their purpose is for you to reach the highway’s speed limit before you merge. That doesn’t mean you should punch the gas, though. Just gradually speed up so your vehicle can blend right into the flow of traffic. 

Buckle Up

This might sound like a no-brainer, but one in seven Americans still refuse to buckle up. You are 30% more likely to be thrown from your vehicle without a seatbelt, greatly increasing your chances of death and serious injuries. Since drivers do not wear helmets, you’re also likely to suffer a traumatic brain injury after a car accident if you are ejected. 

Maintain Distance

The faster you and other cars on the road are traveling, the more space everyone needs to react when someone brakes. If you’re too close to the car in front of you and they abruptly hit the brakes, you can guarantee an accident is about to follow. 

Never Speed

It’s tempting to reach high speeds on the highway, especially when there aren’t a lot of cars on the road. However, speeding remains the number on cause of fatal accidents on the highway. Aside from the possibility of getting a ticket, it’s likely that something sudden will cause you to lose control of your vehicle. 

Be Considerate of Large Trucks

The highway is where you’ll find the majority of tractor trailers, which are involved in an alarming number of accidents. There are two safety tips to remember here. When you’re behind a truck, remember that they can’t see you if you can’t see the driver. 

The second tip has to do with passing. Make sure you use your singles and change lanes with ample space in-between your vehicle and the truck. When you do merge back over, make sure you’re a few car lengths ahead first. This ensures they can see you and that they have plenty of time to maneuver if something unexpected happens.